Improving Academic Achievement of the Disadvantaged
Title I of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (formerly known as ECIA, ESEA or Chapter 1) is a federal program that provides funds to school districts and schools to support a variety of services. This program, authorized by Congress, provides supplemental funds to school districts to assist schools with the highest student concentrations of poverty to meet school educational goals. Its overall purpose is to ensure that all children have a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain a high-quality education and attain high academic standards. The grant contains provisions for ensuring that children who are disadvantaged enrolled in private schools also benefit from the academic enrichment services funded with Title I, Part A funds.
Schools qualify based on demonstrating that the K-12, ages 5-17, membership has a sufficiently high percentage of economically disadvantaged students. Title I regulations require school districts to provide services to all schools where at least 75% of students qualify for free or reduced price meals.
Title I funds promote:
High academic/achievement for all children
A greater focus on teaching and learning
Flexibility to stimulate local initiatives coupled with responsibility for student performance
Improved connections among schools, parents and communities
Purpose of Title I
The purpose of Title I is to provide supplemental funding that may be used to provide additional instructional staff, professional development, extended learning programs, and other strategies for raising student achievement in high poverty schools.
Critical program elements are:
Comprehensive needs assessment and schoolwide plan
Support for Title I Focus and Priority schools
Support for neglected and delinquent and migrant students
Coordination of services for homeless students in non-Title I schools