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Middle School Science

Middle School Science


We know that science is best understood when students practice it. Below is a list of the Science and Engineering practices that are embedded in every middle school science course.

Select a grade level from the tabs above to view middle school science curriculum.

Science and Engineering Practices in All Courses

  • Asking questions and defining problems
  • Developing and using models
  • Planning and carrying out investigations
  • Analyzing and interpreting data
  • Using mathematics and computational thinking
  • Constructing explanations and designing solutions
  • Engaging in scientific argument from evidence
  • Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information

A central theme throughout sixth grade science is how energy and matter are exchanged and transformed throughout different aspects of the world around us. Students will learn how this works by exploring Earth's structures and how it affects our weather and climate. Students will also understand the development, organization, and diversity of living systems and how energy transfer is connected. The final portion of the year is spent exploring energy, forces, and motion.

Comprehensive Science 1

  • Learn ways in which the Earth’s surface is built up and torn down
  • Recognize that there are a variety of different landforms
  • Investigate how heat is transferred through the Earth
  • Investigate how the water cycle has an effect on weather and climate
  • Describe how global patterns influence local weather
  • Explore the interactions among the parts of the Earth and how the energy is transferred
  • Investigate how natural disasters have affected life in Florida
  • Describe how living things are organized
  • Investigate the components of the scientific theory of cells
  • Recognize and explore how cells undergo similar processes including obtaining and using energy, getting rid of waste, and reproducing
  • Compare the structure and function of major organelles
  • Identify and investigate the general functions of major systems in the human body
  • Compare and contrast types of infectious agents that may infect the human body
  • Analyze how living things are classified according to shared characteristics
  • Explore the Law of conservation of Energy by differentiating between kinetic and potential energy
  • Observe, describe, and measure the motion of an object
  • Investigate different types of forces like magnetic, gravitational, and electrical
  • Explore the Law of Gravity
  • Investigate what happens when unbalanced forces act on each other

Seventh grade continues the theme of energy and energy transformation from sixth grade by examining geologic events such as volcanoes, earthquakes, and mountain building. The end of the year is spent exploring interdependence among living things, heredity, and reproduction.

Comprehensive Science 2

  • Explore how the sun’s energy emits a wide range of different types of energy such as light
  • Describe the methods in which scientists gather their empirical evidence to support their claim
  • Explore how light can be reflected, refracted, and absorbed and how it moves at different speeds
  • Investigate the transformation of energy
  • Understand the impact different variables have on the outcome of an investigation or experiment
  • Cite evidence of the Law of Conservation of Energy
  • Investigate heat exchange and how it could change the physical nature of an object
  • Observe and describe how heat moves in predictable ways
  • Examine the layers of the Earth by using scientific models
  • Identify patterns of the rock cycle and relate them to surface events
  • Explore the theory of plate tectonics
  • Investigate how movement of materials within the Earth causes earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, and creates mountains and ocean basins
  • Explore how the age of the Earth is measured
  • Use evidence to examine how the Earth has evolved over geologic time
  • Investigate the impact humans have had on the Earth
  • Explore the different levels of organizations in an environment
  • Explain how empirical evidence is used to explain science
  • Understand the relationship among organisms and how the energy is transferred between organisms
  • Investigate how limiting factors impact native populations in an ecosystem
  • Explore how traits are inherited
  • Describe how traits are passed on through sexual and asexual reproduction
  • Explore the impact of biotechnology (cloning, genetic engineering, etc)
  • Use evidence to examine how living things evolved from earlier species
  • Explore how genetic variation and environmental factors contribute to evolution by natural selection and diversity of living things

Eighth grade focuses on Matter, energy transformation, and Earth in space and time. Students spend time exploring the role of the carbon cycle in the Earth system and how it impacts human and natural activities. The second half of the year is devoted to studying Earth and space.

Comprehensive Science 3

  • Investigate the processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration as it relates to cycles within our Earth
  • Construct a scientific model of the carbon cycle to show how matter and energy are transferred
  • Cite evidence of the Law of Conservation of Mass and Energy through living systems
  • Explore the atomic theory
  • Differentiate between weight and mass
  • Explore the properties of matter, specifically density
  • Classify various substances based on their characteristic physical properties
  • Recognize that atoms combine in a multitude of ways to produce many new substances
  • Explore the scientific theory of atoms
  • Investigate the properties of compounds, including acids, bases, and salts
  • Explore the concept of time in space and how distances are measured
  • Recognize the vastness of space
  • Explore the Law of Universal Gravitation as it relates to space
  • Investigate the properties of stars
  • Create models of solar properties
  • Explain how technology is essential for space exploration
  • Explore the effects of space exploration on the economy and culture of Florida
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